Relations with upper class…

These bankers, especially Avram Kamondo, was financing the defense expenses of the Ottoman Empire in the Crimean War between the years 1853 and 1856. Avram Kamondo had very close relations with all the grand viziers of the period, and even his intimate friendship with Mustafa Resit Pasha was not a secret to anyone. He also served as the financial consultant of Mustafa Resit Pasha. He was awarded the title “Count” as to be assigned to his son after his death in 1867 by the Kingdom of Italy as a result of his close relations with King Vittorio Emmanuelle II of Italy and the contributions he had wade. “The first person with foreign-nationality who achieved the permission to buy real estate in the Ottoman State” is Avram Kamondo.

In addition to his financial businesses. Kamondo had alsodeveloped a lot of projects about his congregation. The Jewish community during1830`s was so illiterate and ignorant that “any Jewish person who learned a differentlanguage was to be deemed he changed his religion”. Avram Kamondo took theleadership and management of the congregation. He was aware of the moderneducation in Europe as he very frequently visited there. He anticipated amodern elementary school where Turkish, French and Hebrew would be taught. Theschool which was established in Haskoy, Piripasa started schooling in 1854.

Avram Kamondo

However, it was not welcomed by some reactionary rabbis andfanatic congregation, so he decided to withdraw among the cries “we are loosingour religion!” Upon death of his only son in 1866, Avram Kamondo decidedto move to Paris with his grandchildren in 1872. He passed away in his manor inParis the next year. He willed to be buried in Istanbul and therefore AvramKamondo`s body was brought to Istanbul with the help of the Ottoman State. Hewas buried in the mausoleum he had built beforehand. He was so much loved byIstanbul people that on the day his body was brought to Istanbul, all thepersonnel in the stock exchange and finance institutions ceased their workwhile Jewish people were in mourning. The tradesmen in Galata. and Golden Hornalso closed their shops.

After Avram Kamondo`s settlement in Paris, on the otherhand, his bank in Istanbul shrunk its businesses. It was closed in 1910`s.Family members carried on living in Paris and contribute to works of art. Thegreat wealth of the family disappeared with the break of World War II and allthe members of the family were sent to Auschwitz Concentration Camp. Kamondo`s,who were one of the richest families in the world once, shook deeply with thedeath of Avram Kamondo and ended up in a tragically in a concentration camp…

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